You need a job and you need it now. Somewhere, an employer has the job you want. But, how do you two connect? By marketing your job talents, and showing prospective employers you have the skills they need, that’s how?
Do you have job talents? Of course you do! Homemakers, disabled individual, veterans, students, just out of school, people already working – they all have skills and experience suited for many good jobs.
What you need to learn is how to market your talents effectively to find the right place for you. Writing a good resume is the best way to let a prospective employer learn about your individual interest and skills.
Making a Resume
The two main types of resumes are the chronological and the functional. A chronological resume is used when you have had a fairy direct part of development from one position to another within the same field. A functional resume emphasizes your skills and is used by people who change jobs or careers frequently. A good resume will be no more than one page long and will capture the highlights of your career goals, education, and work history.
A resume should include the following information: name, address, telephone, numbers; job objective and career goals; educational history (degrees, certificates, courses, accomplishment); work history including military service (skills, experience); and memberships related to your job objective. Depending on the position for which you are applying, it might also include work related honors or achievements, knowledge of foreign languages, ability to travel or relocate, and security clearance information.
Job Application Forms
Same jobs do not require a formal resume but may call for a written application. Most application forms require basic information such as your name, address, and telephone number; social security numbers; dates of previous jobs; names and addresses of former employers; and dates of schooling and training. Before you fill out the application, read it through to be sure that you have all of the required information. It is very important that you print the information neatly and legibly. If your application makes a poor first impression, you are unlikely to get any further with that employer.
Although not every job calls for letters of reference, you should ask people if they would be willing to write one for you. Do not list someone as a reference unless you have their permission to do so. Candidates for reference include former employers, teachers, volunteer supervisors, and other people who can accurately assess your character.
There are several methods of locating potential employers;
Cold Calls – visit employers to see if there are any opening in their organization. You may find yourself in the right place at the right time, but this is a difficult and time consuming method of job hunting.
Networking – learning about openings through friends, relatives, or co-workers is probably the most successful way to get a job, and referrals of this kind often guarantee an interview.
Newspaper Ads – classified ads list specific openings, but there is often intense competition for those jobs. Want ads list just a small proportion of available jobs.
Employment Agencies – public employment agencies provide job hunt services at no cost, but are usually looking for unskilled labor. Private agencies will, for a fee, try to match employers and employees. Some agencies specialize in a particular field, but the main disadvantages is the fee, if paid for by the job seeker. Be sure to check on an agency’s policy regarding fees before you begin to work with them.
Applying and Interviewing for Job
Once you have found a job that sounds good to you, you must apply for it. This involves writing the company offering the job and including your resume or a job application. In either case, your cover letter is very important – it is the first thing that your prospective employer will see, and it will say a lot about you. The letter should be personalized and contain information such as where you heard about the job, an indication of your interest, why you are suited for the position, and your interest in interviewing. It should include your name, address, and phone number.
The next step in the job search is the job interview, which involves an exchange between people trying to find out whether they can work together. Before you go to the interview, learn as much as you can about a prospective employer by reading brochures, or taking to present employees. Some important interviewing techniques: Do be honest, be prompt; use a firm handshake; dress appropriately; make eye contact; address interviewer by name; prepare to ask and answer intelligent and thoughtful question; ask for the job.
After the interview, it is important to maintain contact with the prospective employer. Write a short thank you letter, indicating that you will call at a specific time to find out the status of the position. Call when you said you would. If the answer is no, ask why without being a pest. Knowing why you did not get a job may help you get the next one.
The price of success is hard work, dedication to the job at hand, and the determination that whether we win or lose, we have applied the best of ourselves to the task at hand. – Vince Lombardi