First Aid For Poisoning

First Aid For Poisoning

First aid for poisoning differs according to the person’s state of consciousness and the type of poison taken. But in all cases, after aid has been given:

1. Take the person to Emergency Department of the nearest hospital. Put him in the recovery position in the back seat of the car.
2. Get someone to phone ahead to the hospital to inform that a poisoning is on the way. Also tell what/how much/how long ago the poison was taken, if possible.
3. Take all poison container/remaining poison along with you, so that it may identified and antidote found, if possible.

What you (the first aider) can do:
If the person is unconscious:
1. Do not give anything by mouth.
2. Do not induce vomiting, or he may inhale his own vomitus. If he vomits on his own, put him in the recovery position.

If the person is conscious:
Ask the person or check the premises to find out what poison has been taken. Examine the lips, tongue and the throat for chemical burns, which will indicate that the poison is corrosive.

With a corrosive poison (e.g. acids, alkalis, ammonia, bleach, household cleaning fluids:
1. Rinse the mouth thoroughly.
2. Do not induce vomiting, or it may rupture the corroded gullet/stomach.
3. Identify the corrosive poison:
* If acid – give 1-2 glasses of milk (or water, if there is no milk).
* If ammonia/cleaning fluid – give 1-2 glasses of water.
* If alkali/bleach – do not give anything by mouth.

With a petroleum products (e.g. kerosine, paint thinner, petrol):
1. Do not give anything by mouth.
2. Do not induce vomiting, or fumes of the petroleum product may be inhale into lungs with serious results.

with a non-corrosive/non-petroleum poison eg. alcohol, medicines, poisonous plants:
1. Give 1-2glasses of water
2. Induce vomiting by sweeping the back of the throat with finger/spoon handle/chopstick.

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